Population Profile of Macedonia

The figures were taken from the official censa conducted in the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1953 – 1981) and later in the Republic of Macedonia (1991 – 1994).

Area, households and population according to the different censa

year

Surface area, km2

Households

Population

Population density per km2

Number of persons in one household

Number of men per 1000 women (masculinity)

total

males

females

1921

25713

146161

808724

401468

407256

31.5

5.53

986

1931

25713

164052

949958

478519

471439

36.9

5.79

1015

1948

25713

218819

1152986

584002

568984

44.8

5.27

1026

1953

25713

246313

1304514

659861

644653

50.7

5.30

1024

1961

25713

280214

1406003

710074

695929

54.7

5.02

1020

1971

25713

352034

1647308

834692

812616

64.1

4.68

1027

1981

25713

435372

1909136

968143

940993

74.2

4.38

1029

1991

25713

505852 1)

2033964 1)

1027352 1)

1006612 1)

79.1 1)

4.02 1)

1042 1)

1994

25713

501963 2)

1945932 3)

974255 3)

971677 3)

76.0

3.85 4)

1021

1)Enumerated and estimated population and household

2) Enumerated households

3) Enumerated and estimated population according to the 1994 Census definitive results. Total population according to the definition used in the 1994 Census, given in the methodological explanations

4) Average number of person of enumerated households

Population grouped by age and gender, by censa

year

1931 1)

1948

1953

1961

1971

1981

1991 2)

1994 3)

Total

Total

949958

1152986

1304514

1406003

1647308

1909136

2033964

1945932

0-4

157484

159661

199457

187535

181098

191642

154549

152456

5-9

125167

140091

146083

177020

177987

184854

167433

163546

10-14

81626

138234

136173

158364

176682

178681

165970

167921

15-19

90986

118396

135927

122874

172734

178205

160859

162852

20-24

87343

105959

123394

120121

151455

174352

153652

153490

25-29

71973

81336

105408

118901

116079

165074

156511

151339

30-34

55651

60605

80788

102826

115202

146028

164193

148500

35-39

42290

75401

59857

85354

114329

113784

163189

145911

40-44

41614

57432

72651

56432

98322

113549

145993

137304

45-49

37192

48490

57203

62822

81441

111127

111975

109957

50-54

36976

33629

47260

56828

53265

94365

110442

99814

55-59

30647

33383

33441

46411

58549

76438

109764

95913

60-64

32126

28682

29606

34192

50929

48233

88812

88948

Over 65

58853

71635

77127

74891

94859

128261

165716

164678

Unknown

30

52

139

1432

4377

4543

14906

3303

Males

Total

478519

584002

659861

710074

834692

968143

1027352*

974255

0-4

80512

82098

102165

96528

92882

98709

79818

78539

5-9

65092

72086

75251

90927

91438

95307

85514

84089

10-14

42899

71994

70447

81287

90900

92120

84711

86185

15-19

46037

59324

69365

62205

88480

91653

82802

83181

20-24

45468

53122

61994

60491

77654

89734

80008

78390

25-29

37073

40953

51512

59153

58668

84962

80870

76715

30-34

26976

31002

40495

50539

57977

74456

85048

75259

35-39

20252

38972

30365

41659

57387

57660

84542

74536

40-44

17746

30328

38079

27987

48533

57051

74392

69028

45-49

16936

24198

30013

32660

39636

55367

56456

54027

50-54

16882

16594

23805

29872

26337

46126

54332

48901

55-59

15360

15137

16168

24279

29780

36754

53520

46467

60-64

16003

12978

13524

16469

26523

23491

42389

42401

Over 65

31260

35183

36618

35308

45124

62753

76146

75382

Unknown

23

33

60

710

3373

2000

6804

1155

Females

Total

471439

568984

644653

695929

812616

940993

1006612*

971677

0-4

76972

77563

97292

91007

88216

92933

74731

73917

5-9

60075

68005

70832

86093

86549

89547

81919

79457

10-14

38727

66240

65726

77077

85782

86561

81259

81736

15-19

44949

59072

66562

60669

84254

86552

78057

79671

20-24

41875

52837

61400

59630

73801

84618

73644

75100

25-29

34900

40383

53896

59748

57411

80112

75641

74624

30-34

28675

29603

40293

52287

57225

71572

79145

73241

35-39

22038

36429

29492

43695

56942

56124

78647

71375

40-44

23868

27104

34572

28445

49789

56498

71601

68276

45-49

20256

24292

27190

30162

41805

55760

55519

55930

50-54

20094

17035

23455

26956

26928

48239

56110*

50913

55-59

15287

18246

17273

22132

28769

39684

56244

49446

60-64

16123

15704

16082

17723

24406

24742

46423

46547

Over 65

27593

36452

40509

39583

49735

65508

89570

89296

Unknown

7

19

79

722

1004

2543

8102

2148

1) Data of the 1931Census is taken from the edition – Studies, Analyses and Surveys, no. 22/1964 edition of SZS Belgrade

2) Definitive data based on enumerated and estimated population from 1991 Census.

*) The data is corrected based on definitive data-processing from the Census of Population, Households, Dwellings and Agricultural Holdings in 1991.

3) Enumerated and estimated population according to the 1994 Census definitive results. Total population according to the the definition used in 1994 Census, given in the methodological explanations

Population according to declared ethnic* affiliation, by censa

year

1953

1961

1971

1981

1991 1)

1994 2)

TOTAL

1304514

1406003

1647308

1909136

2033964

1945932

Macedonian

860699

1000854

1142375

1279323

1328187

1295964

Albanian

162524

183108

279871

377208

441987

441104

Vlach

8668

8046

7190

6384

7764

8601

Roma

20462

20606

24505

43125

52103

43707

Turkish

203938

131481

108552

86591

77080

78019

Bosniak

 

 

 

 

 

6829

Bulgarian

920

3087

3334

1980

1370

1682

German

136

94

77

288

230

68

Greek

848

836

536

707

474

368

Egyptian

 

 

 

 

3307

3080

Muslim

1591

3002

1248

39513

31356

15418

Polish

24

26

72

223

248

158

Romanian

103

135

105

97

87

37

Russian

672

640

516

359

332

340

Ruthenian

127

124

59

23

51

11

Slovene

983

1147

838

648

513

403

Serb

35112

42728

46465

44468

42775

40228

Ukrainian

 

 

50

68

74

102

Hungarian

207

252

229

280

222

128

Croat

2770

3801

3882

3307

2878

2248

Montenegrin

2526

3414

3246

3920

3225

2318

Czech

114

92

80

164

143

84

Other

2090

2530

24078

20460

39558

5035

* This table represents the etnic affiliations, where unleast a 100 persons declared themselves for each etnic affiliation, according the particular censa

1) Enumerated and estimated population

2) Total population in accordance to the definition used in 1994 Census given in the methodological explanation

Population according to declared ethnic affiliation, by censa

year

1953

1961

1971

1981

1991 1)

1994 2)

TOTAL

1304514

1406003

1647308

1909136

2033964

1945932

Macedonian

860699

1000854

1142375

1279323

1328187

1295964

Albanian

162524

183108

279871

377208

441987

441104

Turkish

203938

131481

108552

86591

77080

78019

Roma

20462

20606

24505

43125

52103

43707

Vlach

8668

8046

7190

6384

7764

8601

Serb

35112

42728

46465

44468

42775

40228

Others

13111

19180

38350

72037

84068

38309

Population according to declared ethnic affiliation
expressed as percent of the total population, by censa

year

1953

1961

1971

1981

1991 1)

1994 2)

TOTAL

100

100

100

100

100

100

Macedonian

66.0

71.2

69.3

67.0

65.3

66.6

Albanian

12.5

13.0

17.0

19.8

21.7

22.7

Turkish

15.6

9.4

6.6

4.5

3.8

4.0

Roma

1.6

1.5

1.5

2.3

2.6

2.2

Vlach

0.7

0.6

0.4

0.3

0.4

0.4

Serb

2.7

3.0

2.8

2.3

2.1

2.1

Others

1.0

1.4

2.3

3.8

4.1

2.0

Basic population structure

year

1971

1981

1991

19941

total

male

total

male

total

male

total

male

0 – 14 years

32.5

16.7

29.1

15

24

12.3

24.9

12.8

Working – age population

60

31

62.7

32.3

64.8

34.1

64.1

33.3

(Males over 65 and females over 60)

7.5

2.9

8.2

3.4

11.2

4.1

10.9

3.9

Agricultural population

39.9

19.9

21.7

18.5

14.7

8.1

11.6

5.82)

Urban population

48.7

24.5

55.2

27.6

58

29.5

59.8

29.92)

1) The data refers to the total population calculated according to the definition used in the 1994 Census, given in the methodological explanations

2) The data referrs to enumerated population

Population by cities with population greater than 30,000 inhabitants 
according to the censa in 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991 and 1994

 

1961

1971

1981

1991

1994 2)

Skopje

197341

312980

408143

4482291)

444299

Bitola

49001

65035

78507

84002

77464

Kumanovo

31845

47809

63098

692311)

71853

Prilep

39611

50757

63639

70152

68148

Tetovo

25357

35745

46523

514721)

50344

Veles

27154

36525

43193

47326

46798

Shtip

20269

27224

36230

42826

41730

Ohrid

16492

26369

39093

429081)

41146

Strumica

15949

23034

29263

34396

34067

1) Enumerated and estimated population

2) Total population in accordance with the definition given in the methodological explanations

Predicted Population Size by Age Until 2020

 20002005201020152020
Total20335682091908213750321680712183256
0-4141734139196134770127090117313
5-9152017141026138597134267126679
10-14161988151851140893138494134190
15-19167217161781151683140762138389
20-24163826166933161575151544140686
25-29155829163460166631161362151404
30-34151074155385163072166303161118
35-39148753150456154856162614165957
40-44146285147722149514154003161840
45-49138258144359145866147714152256
50-54114460135252141365143017144989
55-5995150110418130626136725138572
60-649012789936104738124179130318
65-6982692818868201195982114044
70-745956770591701827068483307
75-793966245982551505546356789
80-841472325218297743644037323
over 851020610456162002142828082
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