Chronology of Macedonian History
Important dates in Macedonian history.
- C. 653 B.C.
King Perdiccas I establishes the Macedonian Kingdom.
- 359-336 B.C
Significant military and financial reforms carried out during the reign of Phillip II, determining the geographical, historical, and ethnic boundaries of Macedonia.</strong”>
- 336-323 B.C.
Reign of Alexander the Great, King of Macedon. Macedonia reaches the peak of its military power. He spreads Macedonian culture to the East.
- 215-205, 200-193, 171-167 B.C.
Macedonian – Roman wars. Macedonia falls under Roman rule.
- 535 A.D.
The Byzantine Emperor establishes the town of Justiniana Prima (in the vicinity of Skopje), an important church (archbishop’s seat) and political centre in the Balkans.
- End of 6th and beginning of 7th centuries
Slavs settle the territory of Macedonia.
The brothers Cyril and Methody create the first Slavonic alphabet.
Clement comes to Macedonia, spreads Christianity in the Slavonic language and founds the Ohrid Literary School.
The sons of komes Nicholas (David, Moses, Aaron, and Samuil) rebel against Bulgarian authority and establish the medieval Macedonian state, which in 997 becomes the Macedonian Empire.
Battle of Mount Belasica. The army of the Macedonian Tsar Samuil is defeated by the Byzantines.
The Macedonian Empire falls under Byzantine rule.
Insurrection against Byzantine authority led by Petar Deljan.
Gjorgji Vojteh’s insurrection based in Macedonia.
The Battle of Marica and penetration of the Turks into the Balkans.
Macedonia falls under Turkish domination. King Marko dies in a battle near Rovin.
The Mariovo – Prilep Rebellion, the first known rebellion of the Macedonian peasants.
The Karpos Uprising, insurrection of the Macedonian people against the Turks in the Kriva Palanka and Kumanovo regions.
The Abolition of the Archbishopric of Ohrid by an irade of the Sultan under the pressure of the Greek Patriarchate of Constantinople.
The Negus Uprising, insurrection of the Macedonians for liberation in the Aegean part of Macedonia.
The Razlovci Uprising, insurrection in eastern Macedonia which heralded the national liberation struggle.
The Macedonian Kresna Uprising, insurrection which adopted a constitution known as The Rules of the Macedonian Uprising Committee.
Establishment of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization. Goce Delchev joins the Organization.
Foundation of the Slavonic – Macedonian Scholarly Literary Society in St. Petersburg, Russia.
The Ilinden Uprising and the ten days of the Krushevo Republic.
Establishment and activity of the Popular Federal Party.
The Balkan Wars and Macedonia’s partition with the Peace Treaty of Bucharest.
The First World War.
The Treaty of Versailles sanctions the partition of Macedonia.
The May Manifesto, resolution of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia on the right of the Macedonian people to self- determination.
The establishment of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (United).
The Fourth Nationwide Conference of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. This passed a decision on the establishment of a national party in Macedonia.
Establishment and political formation of the MANAPO (Macedonian National Movement).
Foundation of the Macedonian Literary Society in Sofia by outstanding Macedonian writers.
The Fifth Nationwide Conference of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. This passed a resolution on the equality and self- determination of the Macedonian people.
The Second World War.
Macedonia’s participation in the Second World War (National Liberation War of Macedonia).
Proclamation of the Macedonian state. (August 2).
Formation of the first government of the People’s Republic of Macedonia (April 16).
Adoption of the Macedonian alphabet.
Start of university education in Macedonian (Faculty of Philosophy).
Adoption of the first constitution of the People’s Republic of Macedonia.
Foundation of the Macedonian Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Proclamation of the autocephalous Macedonian Orthodox Church (Restoration of the Archbishopric of Ohrid).
Referendum on a sovereign and independent state (September 8).
Adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia (November 17).
Macedonia is admitted to the United Nations.
Macedonia becomes a member of the Council of Europe.