Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia
Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia
Taking as the points of departure the historical, cultural, spiritual and statehood heritage of the Macedonian people and their struggle over centuries for national and social freedom as well as the creation of their own state, and particularly the traditions of statehood and legality of the Krushevo Republic and the historic decisions of the Anti-Fascist Assembly of the People’s Liberation of Macedonia, together with the constitutional and legal continuity of the Macedonian state as a sovereign republic within Federal Yugoslavia and freely manifested will of the citizens of the Republic of Macedonia in the referendum of September 8th, 1991, as well as the historical fact that Macedonia is established as a national state of the Macedonian people, in which full equality as citizens and permanent co-existence with the Macedonian people is provided for Albanians, Turks, Vlachs, Romanics and other nationalities living in the Republic of Macedonia, and intent on:
- the establishment of the Republic of Macedonia as a sovereign and independent state, as well as a civil and democratic one;
- the establishment and consolidation of the rule of law as a fundamental system of government;
- the guaranteeing of human rights, citizens’ freedoms and ethnic equality;
- the provision of peace and a common home for the Macedonian people with the nationalities living in the Republic of Macedonia; and on
- the provision of social justice, economic wellbeing and prosperity in the life of the individual and the community,
the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia adopts
The Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia
Table of Contents
- 1 The Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia
- 2 I. Basic Provisions
- 3 II. BASIC FREEDOMS AND RIGHTS OF THE INDIVIDUAL AND CITIZEN
- 3.1 1. Civil and political freedoms and rights
- 3.2 Article 9
- 3.3 Article 10
- 3.4 Article 11
- 3.5 Article 12
- 3.6 Article 13
- 3.7 Article 14
- 3.8 Article 15
- 3.9 Article 16
- 3.10 Article 17
- 3.11 Article 18
- 3.12 Article 19
- 3.13 Article 20
- 3.14 Article 21
- 3.15 Article 22
- 3.16 Article 23
- 3.17 Article 24
- 3.18 Article 25
- 3.19 Article 26
- 3.20 Article 27
- 3.21 Article 28
- 3.22 Article 29
- 3.23 2. Economic, social and cultural rights.
- 3.24 Article 30
- 3.25 Article 31
- 3.26 Article 32
- 3.27 Article 33
- 3.28 Article 34
- 3.29 Article 35
- 3.30 Article 36
- 3.31 Article 37
- 3.32 Article 38
- 3.33 Article 39
- 3.34 Article 40
- 3.35 Article 41
- 3.36 Article 42
- 3.37 Article 43
- 3.38 Article 44
- 3.39 Article 45
- 3.40 Article 46
- 3.41 Article 47
- 3.42 Article 48
- 3.43 Article 49
- 3.44 3. Guarantees of basic freedoms and rights
- 3.45 Article 50
- 3.46 Article 51
- 3.47 Article 52
- 3.48 Article 53
- 3.49 Article 54
- 3.50 4. Foundations for economic relations
- 3.51 Article 55
- 3.52 Article 56
- 3.53 Article 57
- 3.54 Article 58
- 3.55 Article 59
- 3.56 Article 60
- 4 III THE ORGANISATION OF STATE AUTHORITY
- 4.1 1. The Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia
- 4.2 Article 61
- 4.3 Article 62
- 4.4 Article 63
- 4.5 Article 64
- 4.6 Article 65
- 4.7 Article 66
- 4.8 Article 67
- 4.9 Article 68
- 4.10 Article 69
- 4.11 Article 70
- 4.12 Article 71
- 4.13 Article 72
- 4.14 Article 73
- 4.15 Article 74
- 4.16 Article 75
- 4.17 Article 76
- 4.18 Article 77
- 4.19 Article 78
- 4.20 2. The President of the Republic of Macedonia
- 4.21 Article 79
- 4.22 Article 80
- 4.23 Article 81
- 4.24 Article 82
- 4.25 Article 83
- 4.26 Article 84
- 4.27 Article 85
- 4.28 Article 86
- 4.29 Article 87
- 4.30 3. The Government of the Republic of Macedonia.
- 4.31 Article 88
- 4.32 Article 89
- 4.33 Article 90
- 4.34 Article 91
- 4.35 Article 92
- 4.36 Article 93
- 4.37 Article 94
- 4.38 Article 95
- 4.39 Article 96
- 4.40 Article 97
- 4.41 4. The Judiciary
- 4.42 Article 98
- 4.43 Article 99
- 4.44 Article 100
- 4.45 Article 101
- 4.46 Article 102
- 4.47 Article 103
- 4.48 Article 104
- 4.49 Article 105
- 4.50 Article 106
- 4.51 Article 107
- 5 IV. THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT OF MACEDONIA
- 6 V. LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT
- 7 VI. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
- 8 VII. THE DEFENCE OF THE REPUBLIC AND STATES OF WAR AND EMERGENCY
- 9 VIII. CHANGES IN THE CONSTITUTION
- 10 IX. TRANSITIONAL AND FINAL CLAUSES
- 11 AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
The sovereignty of the Republic of Macedonia is indivisible, inalienable and nontransferable.
The citizens of the Republic of Macedonia exercise their authority through democratically elected Representatives through referendum and through other forms of direct expression.
The existing borders of the Republic of Macedonia are inviolable. The borders of the Republic of Macedonia may be changed only in accordance with the constitution.
A subject of the Republic of Macedonia may either be deprived of citizenship, nor expelled or extradited to another state. Citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia is regulated by law.
The coat of arms, the flag and the national anthem of the Republic of Macedonia are adopted by law by a two-thirds majority vote of the total number of Assembly Representatives.
In the units of local self-government where the majority of the inhabitants belong to a nationality, in addition to the Macedonian language and Cyrillic alphabet, their language and alphabet are also in official use, in a manner determined by law. In the units of local self-government where there is a considerable number of inhabitants belonging to a nationality, their language and alphabet are also in official use, in addition to the Macedonian language and Cyrillic alphabet, under conditions and in a manner determined by law.
- the basic freedoms and rights of the individual and citizen, recognised in international law and set down in the Constitution;
- the free expression of national identity;
- the rule of law;
- the division of state powers into legislative, executive and judicial;
- the legal protection of property;
- the freedom of the market and entrepreneurship;
- humanism, social justice and solidarity;
- local self-government;
- proper urban and rural planning to promote a congenial human environment, as well as ecological protection and development; and
- respect for the generally accepted norms of international law.
Anything that is not prohibited by the Constitution or by law is permitted in the Republic of Macedonia.
All citizens are equal before the Constitution and law.
The death penalty shall not be imposed on any grounds whatsoever in the Republic of Macedonia.
Forced labour is prohibited.
No person’s freedom can be restricted except by court decision or in cases and procedures determined by law.
Persons summoned, apprehended or detained shall immediately be informed of the reasons for the summons, apprehension or detention and on their rights. They shall not be forced to make a statement. A person has a right to an attorney in police and court procedure.
Persons detained shall be brought before a court as soon as possible, within a maximum period of 24 hours from the moment of detention, and the legality of their detention shall there be decided upon without delay.
Detention may last, by court decision, for a maximum of 90 days from the day of detention.
Persons detained may, under the conditions determined by law, be released from custody to conduct their defence.
A person unlawfully detained, apprehended or convicted has a right to legal redress and other rights determined by law.
No person may be tried in a court of law for an offence of which he/she has already been tried and for which a legally valid court verdict has already been brought.
The freedom of speech, public address, public information and the establishment of institutions for public information is guaranteed.
Free access to information and the freedom of reception and transmission of information are guaranteed.
The right of reply via the mass media is guaranteed.
The right to a correction in the mass media is guaranteed.
The right to protect a source of information in the mass media is guaranteed.
Censorship is prohibited.
Only a court decision may authorise non-application of the principle of the inviolability of the confidentiality of correspondence and other forms of communication, in cases where it is indispensable to a criminal investigation or required in the interests of the defence of the Republic.
Citizens are guaranteed protection from any violation of their personal integrity deriving from the registration of personal information through data processing.
The Macedonian Orthodox Church and other religious communities and groups are free to establish schools and other social and charitable institutions, by ways of a procedure regulated by law.
Citizens may freely establish associations of citizens and political parties, join them or resign from them.
The programmes and activities of political parties and other associations of citizens may not be directed at the violent destruction of the constitutional order of the Republic, or at encouragement or incitement to military aggression or ethnic, racial or religious hatred or intolerance.
Military or paramilitary associations which do not belong to the Armed Forces of the Republic of Macedonia are prohibited.
Persons deprived of the right to practise their profession by a court verdict do not have the right to vote.
A citizen cannot be called to account or suffer adverse consequences for attitudes expressed in petitions, unless they entail the committing of a criminal offence.
The right to the inviolability of the home may be restricted only by a court decision in cases of the detection or prevention of criminal offences or the protection of people’s health.
Every citizen has the right to leave the territory of the Republic and to return to the Republic.
The exercise of these rights may be restricted by law only in cases where it is necessary for the protection of the security of the Republic, criminal investigation or protection of people’s health.
The exercise of this right and duty of citizens is regulated by law.
The Republic guarantees the right of asylum to foreign subjects and stateless persons expelled because of democratic political convictions and activities.
Extradition of a foreign subject can be carried out only on a basis of a ratified international agreement and on the principle of reciprocity. A foreign subject cannot be extradited for political criminal offences. Acts of terrorism are not regarded as political criminal offences.
If property is expropriated or restricted, rightful compensation not lower than its market value is guaranteed.
Every job is open to all under equal conditions. Every employee has a right to appropriate remuneration. Every employee has the right to paid daily, weekly and annual leave. Employees cannot waive this right. The exercise of the rights of employees and their positions are regulated by law and collective agreements.
The Republic guarantees the right of assistance to citizens who are infirm or unfit for work.
The Republic provides particular protection for invalid persons, as well as conditions for their involvement in the life of the society.
The particular rights are regulated by law.
The law may restrict the conditions for the exercise of the right to trade union organisation in the armed forces, the police and administrative bodies.
The law may restrict the conditions for the exercise of the right to strike in the armed forces, the police and administrative bodies.
Parents have the right and duty to provide for the nurturing and education of their children. Children are responsible for the care of their old and inform parents. The Republic provides particular protection for parentless children and children without parental care.
The Republic conducts a humane population policy in order to provide balanced economic and social development.
Education is accessible to everyone under equal conditions. Primary education is compulsory and free.
Rights deriving from scholarly, artistic or other intellectual creative work are guaranteed.
The Republic stimulates, assists and protects the development of scholarship, the arts and culture.
The Republic stimulates and assists scientific and technological development.
The Republic stimulates and assists technical education and sport.
The Republic cares for the cultural, economic and social rights of the citizens of the Republic abroad.
A citizen has the right to be informed on human rights and basic freedoms as well as actively to contribute, individually of jointly with others, to their promotion and protection.
Everyone is obliged to respect the Constitution and the laws.
Laws come into force on the eighth day after the day of their republication at the earliest, or on the day of publication in exceptional cases determined by the Assembly. Laws and other regulations may not have a retroactive effect, except in cases when this is more favourable for the citizens.
The restriction of freedoms and rights cannot discriminate on grounds of sex, race, colour of skin, language, religion, national or social origin, property or social status.
The restriction of freedoms and rights cannot be applied to the right to life, the interdiction of torture, inhuman and humiliating conduct and punishment, the legal determination of punishable offences and sentences, as well as to the freedom of personal conviction, conscience, thought and religious confession.
The Republic guarantees the protection, promotion and enhancement of the historical and artistic heritage of the Macedonian people and of the nationalities and the treasures of which it is composed, regardless of their legal status. The law regulates the mode and conditions under which specific items of general interest for the Republic can be ceded for use.
Participation in management and decision-making in public institutions and services is regulated by law, on the principles of expertise and competence.
The rights obtained on the basis of the capital invested may not be reduced by law or other regulations.
The National Bank is autonomous and responsible for the stability of the currency, monetary policy and for the general liquidity of payments in the Republic and abroad. The organisation and work of the National Bank are regulated by law.
The Representatives are elected at general, direct and free elections and by secret ballot.
The Representatives represents the citizens and makes decisions in the Assembly in accordance with his/her personal convictions. A Representative’s mandate cannot be revoked. The mode and conditions of election of Representatives are regulated by a law adopted by a two-thirds majority vote of the total number of Representatives.
If a constitutive meeting is not called within the time laid down, the Representatives assemble and constitute the Assembly themselves on the twenty-first day after the completion of the elections. Elections for Representatives to the Assembly are held within the last 90 days of the term of the current Assembly, or within 60 days from the day the dissolution of the Assembly. The term of office of the Representatives to the Assembly can be extended only during states of war or emergency. Cases where a citizen cannot be elected a Representative, owing to the incompatibility of this office with other public offices or professions already held, are defined by law. The Assembly is dissolved when more than half of the total number of Representatives vote for dissolution.
A Representative cannot be held to have committed a criminal offence or be detained owing to views he/she has expressed or to the way he/she has voted in the Assembly.
A Representative cannot be detained without the approval of the Assembly unless found committing a criminal offence for which a prison sentence of at least five years if prescribed. The Assembly can decide to invoke immunity for a Representative without his/her request, should it be necessary for the performance of the Representative’s office.
Representatives may not be called up for duties in the Armed Forces during the course of their term of office. A Representative is entitled to remuneration determined by law.
The mandate of a Representative terminates if he/she is sentences for a criminal offence for which a prison sentence of at least five years is prescribed.
The Representative can have his/her mandate revoked for committing a criminal offence making him/her unfit to perform the office of a Representative, as well as for absence from the Assembly for longer than 6 months for no justifiable reason. Revocation of the mandate is determined by the Assembly by a two-thirds majority vote of all Representatives.
The meetings of the Assembly are called by the President of the Assembly.
The Assembly adopts the Rules of Procedure by a two-thirds majority vote of the total number of Representatives.
The President of the Assembly represents the Assembly, ensures the application of the Rules of Procedure and carries out other responsibilities determined by the Constitution and the Rules of Procedure of the Assembly.
The office of the President of the Assembly is incompatible with the performance of other public offices, professions or appointment in a political party.
The President of the Assembly issues notice to the election of Representatives and of the President of the Republic.
- adopts and changes the Constitution;
- adopts laws and gives the authentic interpretation of laws;
- determines public taxes and fees;
- adopts the budget and the balance of payments of the Republic;
- adopts the spatial plan of the Republic;
- ratifies international agreements;
- decides on war and peace;
- makes decisions concerning any changes in the borders of the Republic;
- makes decisions on association in the disassociation from any form of union or community with other states;
- issues notice of a referendum;
- makes decisions concerning the reserves of the Republic;
- sets up councils;
- elects the Government of the Republic of Macedonia;
- carries out elections and discharges judges;
- selects, appoints and dismisses other holders of public and other offices determined by the Constitution and law;
- carries out political monitoring and supervision of the Government and other holders of public office responsible to the Assembly;
- proclaims amnesties; and
- performs other activities determined by the Constitution.
In carrying out the duties within its sphere of competence, the Assembly adopts decisions, declarations, resolutions, recommendations and conclusions.
The decision on any change in the borders of the Republic is adopted by referendum, in so far as it is accepted by the majority of the total number of voters.
The promulgation declaring a law is signed by the President of the Republic and the President of the Assembly. The President of the Republic may decide not to sign the promulgation declaring a law. The Assembly considers the President of the Republic is then obligated to sign the promulgation in so far as it is adopted by a majority vote of the total number of Representatives. The President is obligated to sign a promulgation if the law has been adopted by a two-thirds majority vote of the total number of Representatives in accordance with the Constitution.
A proposal for setting up a survey of commission may be submitted by a minimum of 20 Representatives.
The Assembly sets u p a permanent survey commission for the protection of the freedoms and rights of citizens. The findings of the survey commissions form the basis for the initiation of proceedings to ascertain the answerability of public office-holders.
The conditions for election and dismissal, the sphere of competence and the mode of work of the Public Attorney are regulated by law.
The President of the Assembly is President of the Council. The Assembly elects the members of the Council. The Council considers issues of inter-ethnic relations in the Republic and makes appraisals and proposals for their solution. The Assembly is obliged to take into consideration the appraisals and proposals of the Council and to make decisions regarding them.
The President of the Republic exercises his/her rights and duties on the basis and within the framework of the Constitution and laws.
The President of the Republic shall be a citizen of the Republic of Macedonia.
A person may be elected President of the Republic if over the age of 40 on the day of election.
A person may not be elected President of the Republic if, on the day of the election, he/she has not been a resident of the Republic of Macedonia for at least ten years within the last fifteen years.
A candidate is elected President if he/she wins a majority of the votes of those who voted, provided more than half of the registered voters voted.
If in the second round of voting no candidate wins the required majority of votes, the whole electoral procedure is repeated. If only one candidate is nominated for the post of President of the Republic and he/she does not obtain the required majority of votes in the first round, the whole electoral procedure is repeated. The election of the President of the Republic takes place within the last 60 days of the term of the previous President. Should the term of office of the President of the Republic be terminated for any reason, the election of a new President takes place within 40 days from the day of termination.
Before taking up office, the President of the Republic of Macedonia makes a solemn declaration before the Assembly of his/her commitment to respect the Constitution and laws.
Decisions on the applicability of the conditions for the occasion of the office of the President of the Republic are the official duty of the Constitutional Court.
Should the President of the Republic be temporarily unable to preform his/her duties, the President of the Assembly deputises for him/her. While the President of the Assembly is performing the office of President of the Republic, he/she takes part in the work of the Assembly without the right to vote.
The President of the Republic is granted immunity. The Constitutional Court decides by a two-thirds majority vote of the total number and approving of detention for the President of the Republic.
- nominates a mandator to constitute the Government of the Republic of Macedonia;
- appoints and dismisses by decree ambassadors and other diplomatic representatives of the Republic of Macedonia abroad;
- accepts the credentials and letters of recall of foreign diplomatic representatives;
- proposes two judges to sit on the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Macedonia;
- proposes two members of the Republican Judicial Council;
- appoints three members to the Security Council of the Republic of Macedonia;
- proposes the members of the Council for Inter-Ethnic Relations;
- appoints and dismisses other holders of state and public office determined by the Constitution and the law;
- grants decorations and honours in accordance with the law;
- grants pardons in accordance with the law; and
- performs other duties determined by the Constitution.
The Security Council of the Republic is composed of the President of the Republic, the President of the Assembly, the Prime Minister, the Ministers heading the bodies of state administration in the fields of security, defence and foreign affairs and three members appointed by the President of the Republic.
The Council considers issues relating to the security and defence of the Republic and makes policy proposals to the Assembly and the Government.
It is the Constitutional Court that decides on the answerability of the President by a two-thirds majority vote of all judges. If the Constitutional Court considers the President answerable for a violation, his/her mandate is terminated by the force of the Constitution.
The Government exercises its rights and competence on the basis and within the framework of the Constitution and law.
The Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Ministers and Ministers are guaranteed immunity. The Government decides on their immunity. The Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Ministers and Ministers cannot be called up for duties in the Armed Forces. The office of Prime Minister or Minister is incompatible with any other public office or profession.
The organisation and mode of working of the Government are regulated by law.
The Government is elected by the Assembly on the proposal of the mandator and on the basis of the programme by a majority vote of the total number of Representatives.
- determines the policy of carrying out the laws and other regulations of the Assembly and is responsible for their execution;
- proposes laws, the budget of the Republic and other regulations adopted by the Assembly;
- proposes a spatial plan of the Republic;
- proposes decisions concerning the reserves of the Republic and sees to their execution;
- adopts by laws and other acts for the execution of laws;
- lays down principles on the internal organisation and work of the Ministries and other administrative bodies, directing and supervising their work;
- provides appraisals of drafts of laws and other acts submitted to the Assembly by other authorised bodies;
- decides on the recognition of states and governments;
- establishes diplomatic and consular relations with other states;
- makes a decision on opening diplomatic and consular offices abroad;
- proposes the appointment of ambassadors and Representatives of the Republic of Macedonia abroad and appoints chiefs of consular offices;
- proposes the Public Prosecutor;
- appoints and dismisses holders of public and other office determined by the Constitution and laws; and
- performs other duties determined by the Constitution and law.
The Assembly may take a vote of no-confidence in the Government. A vote of no-confidence in the Government may be initiate by a minimum of 20 Representatives.
The vote of no-confidence in the Government is taken after three days have elapsed since the last vote, unless proposed by a majority of all Representatives.
A vote of no-confidence in the Government is adopted by a majority vote of all the Representatives. If a vote of no-confidence in the Government is passed, the Government is obliged to submit its resignation.
The Government has the right to submit its resignation. The resignation of the Prime Minister, his/her death or permanent inability to perform his/her duties entail the resignation of the Government.
The Government ceases its term of office when the Assembly is dissolved.
When a vote of no-confidence in the Government has been passed, it has submitted its resignation, or its term of office has ceased owing to the dissolution of the Assembly, the same Government remains on duty until the election of a new Government.
The Prime Minister may propose the dismissal of a member of the Government.
The Assembly decides on the proposal for the dismissal of a member of the Government at its first meeting following the proposal. If the Prime Minister dismisses more than one-third of the initial composition of the Government, the Assembly follows the same procedure as for the election of a new Government.
There is one form of organisation for the judiciary. Emergency courts are prohibited.
The types of courts, their spheres of competence, their establishment, abrogation, organisation and composition, as well as the procedure they follow are regulated by a law adopted by a majority vote of two-thirds of the total number of Representatives.
- if he/she so requests;
- if he/she permanently loses the capability of carrying out a judge’s office, which is determined by the Republican Judicial Council;
- if he/she fulfils the conditions for retirement;
- if he/she is sentenced for a criminal offence to a prison term of a minimum of six months;
- owing to a serious disciplinary offence defined in law, making him/her unsuitable to perform a judge’s office as decided by the Republican Judicial Council; and
- owing to unprofessional and unethical performance of a judge’s office, as decided by the Republican Judicial Council in a procedure regulated by law.
The Assembly decides on the immunity of judges. The performance of a judge’s office is incompatible with other public office, profession or membership in a political party. Political organisation and activity in the judiciary is prohibited.
The law determined cases in which a judge can sit alone. Jury judges take part in a trial in cases determined by law. Jury judges cannot be held answerable for their opinions and decisions concerning their verdict.
Members of the Republican Judicial Council are granted immunity. The Assembly decides on their immunity.
The office of a member of the Republican Judicial Council is incompatible with the performance of other public offices, professions or membership in political parties.
- proposes to the Assembly the election and discharge of judges and determines proposals for the discharge of a judge’s office in cases laid down in the Constitution;
- decides on the disciplinary answerability of judges;
- assesses the competence and ethics of judges in the performance of their office; and
- proposes two judges to sit on the Constitutional Court of Macedonia. 5. The Public Prosecutor’s Office
The Public Prosecutor’s Office carries out its duties on the basis of and within the framework of the Constitution and law. The Public Prosecutor is appointed by the Assembly for a term of six years and is discharged by the Assembly.
- decides on the conformity of laws with the Constitution;
- decides on the conformity of collective agreements and other regulations with the Constitution and laws;
- protects the freedoms and rights of the individual and citizen relating to the freedom of communication, conscience, thought and activity as well as to the prohibition of discrimination among citizens on the grounds of sex, race, religion or national, social or political affiliation;
- decides on conflicts of competency among holders of legislative, executive and judicial offices;
- decides on conflicts of competency among Republic bodies and units of local self-government;
- decides on the answerability of the programmes and status of political parties and associations of citizens; and
- decides on other issues determined by the Constitution.
Judges of the Constitutional Court are granted immunity. The Constitutional Court decides on their immunity. Judges of the Constitutional Court cannot be called up for duties in the Armed Forces.
The office of a judge of the Constitutional Court ceases when the incumbent resigns. A judge of the Constitutional Court shall be discharged from office if sentenced for a criminal offence to unconditional imprisonment of a minimum of six months, or if he/she permanently loses the capability of performing his/her office, as determined by the Constitutional Court.
Municipalities are financed from their own sources of income determined by law as well as by funds from the Republic. Local self-government is regulated by a law adopted by a two-thirds majority of the total number of Representatives.
The municipality is autonomous in the execution of its constitutionally and legally determined spheres of competence; supervision of the legality of its work is carried out by the Republic.
The carrying out of specified matters can by law be entrusted to the municipality by the Republic.
The City of Skopje is financed from its own sources of income determined by law, as well as by funds from the Republic. The City is autonomous in the execution of its constitutionally and legally determined spheres of competence; supervision of the legality of its work is carried out by the Republic. By law, the Republic can entrust the carrying out of specified matters to the City.
The proposal for association in or dissociation from a union or community with other states is accepted by the Assembly by a two-thirds majority vote of the total number of Representatives. The decision of association in or dissociation from a union or community with other states is adopted if it us upheld in a referendum by the majority of the total number of voters in the Republic.
A state of war is declared by the Assembly by a two-thirds majority vote of the total number of Representatives of the Assembly, on the proposal of the President of the Republic, the Government or at least 30 Representatives.
If the Assembly cannot meet, the decision on the declaration of a state of war is made by the President of the Republic who submits it to the Assembly for confirmation as soon as it can meet.
A state of emergency on the territory of the Republic of Macedonia or on part thereof is determined by the Assembly on a proposal by the President of the Republic, the Government or by at least 30 Representatives.
The decision to establish the existence of a state of emergency is made by a two-thirds majority vote of the total number of Representatives and can remain in force for a maximum of 30 days. If the Assembly cannot meet, the decision to establish the existence of a state of emergency is made by the President of the Republic, who submits it to the Assembly for confirmation as soon as it can meet.
The draft amendment of the Constitution is confirmed by the Assembly by a majority vote of the total number of Representatives and then submitted to public debate.
The decision to change the Constitution is made by the Assembly by a two-thirds majority vote of the total number of Representatives. The change in the Constitution is declared by the Assembly.
The Constitution Act is adopted by a two-thirds majority vote of the total number of Representatives.
The Constitution Act is declared by the Assembly and comes into force simultaneously with the declaration of the Constitution.
- The Republic of Macedonia has no territorial pretensions towards any neighbouring state.
- The borders of the Republic of Macedonia can only be changed in accordance with the Constitution and on the principle of free will, as well in accordance with generally accepted international norms.
- Clause 1. of this Amendment is an Addendum to Article 3 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia. Clause 2. replaces Paragraph 3 of the same Article.
- In the exercise of this concern the Republic will not interfere in the sovereign rights of other states or in their internal affairs.
- This Amendment is an Addendum to Paragraph 1 of Article 49 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.
These Amendments are an integral part of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia and came into force on the day they were promulgated, on January 6th, 1992.