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Turkish rule – History of Ohrid

The exact date of Ohrid’s fall under the Turkish rule cannot be determined accurately. However, the inscription in the church St. Ilija, located in the village of Elsani in the Ohrid region dating back from 1408 is considered to be accurate evidence of the presence of the Turks.

Art painting in Ohrid between XI and XIV centuries- History of Ohrid

Church paintings (frescoes) of XI century were made in monumental style, the strongest emphasis given to face expression. Artists were striving to depict the inner feelings of the painted saints. This style can be found in the in the preserved fresco paintings in the cathedral church of St. Sofia.

Early medieval culture in Ohrid – History of Ohrid

During the Turkish rule in Ohrid, many of the Christian churches were converted into mosques. It is estimated that these churches were demolished in the course of XV century. In that period Clement’s church, St. Pantheleimon was destroyed and on its ruins a mosque was erected.

Samuel’s Empire – History of Ohrid

The Ohrid Church became a tool of the Byzantine Empire for maintaining their rule over the Macedonians. During the reign of Vasileus II Ohrid Archiepiscopate consisted of 32 eparchies. At the end of XI century the number of eparchies was reduced to 26.

Saint Clement and Saint Naum – History of Ohrid

In the Ohrid region Christianity was inaugurated as the official religion as early as IV century AD. Since the first part of IV century the town of Lychnidos became an episcopal center.

Macedonian Lakes

The Republic of Macedonia is a country of lakes. There are three large tectonic lakes, fifteen artificial lakes and twenty-five glacial lakes located in the highest areas of the mountain ranges dating from the Ice Age.

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Prilep – Прилеп

Prilep is situated in the northern part of Pelagonia Plain. It is often called “the city under Marko’s Towers” since the town is located on the skirts of the Towers of the legendary hero King Marko, who is common in Macedonian folk songs and tales as a powerful, wise ruler, and fighter against the Turks.

Ohrid – Охрид

Located on the shores of Lake Ohrid, the town of Ohrid is one of the oldest human settlements in Europe. Its ancient name was Lichnidos, which was used to refer to the settlement of Ohrid and the lake.

Bitola – Битола

Bitola is the second largest town in Macedonia, situated in the southern part of Pelagonija Valley , on the upper flow on the both sides of the river Dragor, at an altitude of 600 meter height above the sea level.

Skopje – Скопје

Skopje is the capital of the Republic of Macedonia. As largest city in the country, it is a political, economic, and cultural center of Macedonia. It lies on the upper course of the Vardar River and is located on a major north-south Balkan route between Belgrade and Athens.

Tetovo – Тетово City Guide

Tetovo is located at the foothills of the Shar Mountain in north-western Macedonia, 468 m above the sea level, on the edge of the Polog Valley. The city is separated by the river Pena, which flows from the Shar mountain.

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