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Turkish rule – History of Ohrid

The exact date of Ohrid’s fall under the Turkish rule cannot be determined accurately. However, the inscription in the church St. Ilija, located in the village of Elsani in the Ohrid region dating back from 1408 is considered to be accurate evidence of the presence of the Turks.

Art painting in Ohrid between XI and XIV centuries- History of Ohrid

Church paintings (frescoes) of XI century were made in monumental style, the strongest emphasis given to face expression. Artists were striving to depict the inner feelings of the painted saints. This style can be found in the in the preserved fresco paintings in the cathedral church of St. Sofia.

Early medieval culture in Ohrid – History of Ohrid

During the Turkish rule in Ohrid, many of the Christian churches were converted into mosques. It is estimated that these churches were demolished in the course of XV century. In that period Clement’s church, St. Pantheleimon was destroyed and on its ruins a mosque was erected.

Samuel’s Empire – History of Ohrid

The Ohrid Church became a tool of the Byzantine Empire for maintaining their rule over the Macedonians. During the reign of Vasileus II Ohrid Archiepiscopate consisted of 32 eparchies. At the end of XI century the number of eparchies was reduced to 26.

Saint Clement and Saint Naum – History of Ohrid

In the Ohrid region Christianity was inaugurated as the official religion as early as IV century AD. Since the first part of IV century the town of Lychnidos became an episcopal center.

Monuments of Culture – History of Ohrid

A polyconched church from the early Christian period is located north from the Monastery of St. Clement’s compound. Its monumentality, architecture and splendid mosaics distinct it from all discovered Early Christian basilicas in the region of Ohrid. It is unknown to whom it was devoted.

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St. Clement of Ohrid National Library

The library was founded in 1944 with a modest stock of 150,000 items. Its activity has its foundations in the rich tradition of literature and libraries on Macedonian soil. The patron saint, Clement of Ohrid (830-916), established the first monastic library in Ohrid.

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Macedonian land and nature

Given that the Balkan Peninsula is named after a mountain located in its centre, Mt. Stara Planina (“Old Mountain”), and that Macedonia covers its central regions, it seems obvious enough that Macedonia must be a mountainous country.


Ajvar is popular appetizer made of roasted paprika, ripe tomatoes. Ajvar is a seasonal dish in Macedonia, always made in late summer and early autumn.

Vangel Naumoski

Salvador Dali stated that Vangel Naumovski was a “painter from a fairy tale.”

Nikola Martinoski

Nikola Martinoski is the founder of contemporary Macedonian art. Biography and gallery of paintings.

Strumica – Струмица

Most people believe that Strumica was named after a beautiful young woman named Struma. The Tomb of Struma is located in the village of Veljusa. There are few legends who actually Struma was. One of them says Struma was King Marko’s sister.

Stip – Штип

Stip is the largest textile production center in the country; Center of the fashion industry in Macedonia, as well as the location of the sole public university in eastern Macedonia, Goce Delcev University of Stip .

Kratovo – Кратово

Kratovo is known for its many reminders from the past. One of its symbols are its stone towers. Once there were twelve of them, but now there are only six towers remaining (Saat or Clock Tower, Simić, Krstev, Eminbeg, Zlatković and Hadži Kostov Tower). The towers were built in late Middle Ages, starting from late 14th century and were used not only for protection but also as storage rooms.

Kumanovo – Куманово

Kumanovo is situated in the northeastern part of the Macedonia, near the capital city of Skopje. The coordinates of the city are approximately 42°05’N and 21°40’E. Kumanovo lies 340 metres (1,115 feet) above sea level.

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